Important Things About Ovarian Cancer and Ovarian Cysts and Tumors

Ovaries are the small female reproductive organs that are located on either side of the uterus. These organs  secret hormones, including estrogen, which is responsible for triggering menstruation. Ovaries release a small egg each month and this egg travels down the fallopian tube for fertilization. This small cycle of egg release is named as ovulation.

Causes of Ovarian Cysts

Cysts are filled with fluid and they can be formed in the ovaries. Their formation is very common, especially during the childbearing age. There are different types of cysts that are formed in the ovaries. Functional cyst is the most common ovarian cyst. It is formed during ovulation. It is formed either when ovaries do not release the egg or the sac in the follicle in which the egg is formed does not dissolve after the release of egg.

Polycystic Ovaries –

this type of cyst is formed when the follicles fail to open.

Dermoid Cysts –

these types of ovarian cysts contain tissue similar to those tissues that are found in other body parts. These include skin, teeth and hair.

Endometriomas –

it occurs when the tissue from the uterus lining grows in other areas of the victim’s body. These areas include ovaries. This type of cyst can be extremely painful and can negatively affect fertility of the affected woman.

Cyst adenomas –

this cyst is formed out of the cells on the outer surface of the ovaries. These cysts are often filled with fluid.

Causes of Ovarian Tumors

Ovarian tumors are very common in women. In some women, these tumors can be benign and in others they can be malignant. There are three main types f ovarian tumors:

Epithelial Cell Tumors –

this tumor starts from the cells that are found on the outer surface of the ovaries. These types of tumors are the most common types of ovarian tumors in women.

Germ Cell Tumors –

this tumor starts in those cells that form eggs. This tumor can either be benign or cancerous, but most are benign.

Stromal Tumors –

this tumor is formed in those cells that secrete female hormone.

Causes of Ovarian Cancer

Medical science isn’t sure about what actually causes ovarian cancer in women, but it has managed to identify several risk factors that include the following.
  • Age – is an important factor. Ovarian cancer is more common in post-menopausal women than in pre-menopausal women.
  • Obesity
  • Smoking or alcohol abuse
  • No breastfeeding or not having kids
  • Use of fertility drug
  • Personal or family history of ovarian, colorectal or breast cancer

Signs & Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts & Tumors

I most cases, these cysts and tumors do not show any type of sign & symptom. In most cases, these cysts and tumors are caught during a pelvic exam. However, they can cause severe problems if they rupture, twist or bleed. The major signs & symptoms of ovarian cysts and tumors are:
  • Pain or bloating in the abdominal area.
  • Difficulty in passing urine, or urgency to urinate.
  • Mild ache in the lower back.
  • Pain during intercourse.
  • Pain in menstruation.
  • Abdominal bleeding.
  • Unexplained weight gain.
  • Loss of appetite or feeling satiated quickly.
  • Nausea or vomiting.

Treatment of Ovarian Cysts & Tumors

Ovarian cysts, in most cases, go away on their own without using any medical help. If the victim doesn’t notice any bothersome signs and symptoms, doctors usually suggest watchful waiting in this case. Regular medical examinations will be carried out. Birth control pills are used to relieve the pain that is triggered by ovarian cysts and tumors. Following are the main treatments to treat ovarian cysts and tumors.
  • Laparoscopy
  • Laparotomy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation

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